FPGAs

FPGA stands for Field Programmable Gate Array. They are small semiconductor logic chips are known as integrated circuits or ICs for short. FPGAs are built from one basic logic cell, duplicated hundreds of times.

What do they consist of?

They consist of a configurable logic block, programmable switch matrix, I/O blocks and Interconnects.

Configurable Logic Block

CLB consist of lookup tables (LUTs), flip flops and multiplexers. They are used to implement complex design functions and synchronise the code on the FPGA.

Programmable Switch Matrix

A programmable switch matrix (PSM) is used to control the interconnections between the configurable logic blocks and the input/output blocks. The programmable switch matrix connects each block according to the program code and has switch elements that have six pass transistors inside.

I/O Blocks

I/O blocks are pins that can be programmed as an input pin, output pins or both

Interconnects

Interconnects carry signals via wires to connect inputs and outputs to logic blocks.

How do FPGAs differ from CPLDs?

The main differences between the two devices is how they are made up. A CPLD device is very restricted in structure so they are less flexible. FPGAs on the other hand have a very high logic capacity and can be easily programmed to carry out any kind of digital function.

FPGA Applications

They are found in many applications such as radar systems, military hardware, medical devices and telecommunication technology. Their reprogrammable nature means FPGAs are suitable for a wide range of solutions. They can be any digital circuit, depending on the number of logic blocks it contains. Engineers often use FPGAs in prototype development and specially designed integrated circuits (ICs).

RS Components offer a range of high-quality devices from leading brands including Xilinx, Altera and Lattice Semiconductor. Our devices are available in industry standard package types, pin counts and mounting types to suit all your electronic design needs.


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Description Price Family Name Number of Logic Gates Number of Logic Cells Number of Logic Units Dedicated DSP Number of Registers Number of Multipliers Package Type Pin Count Number of RAM Bits Dimensions Height Length Maximum Operating Supply Voltage
RS Stock No. 921-3536
Mfr. Part No.EP4CGX15BF14C8N
BrandAltera
SGD42.272
Each (In a Tray of 119)
units
Cyclone IV GX - 14400 900 Yes 14400 - FBGA 169 540kbit 14 x 14 x 1.25mm 1.25mm 14mm 1.24 V
RS Stock No. 771-6730
Mfr. Part No.EP4CGX15BF14C8N
BrandAltera
SGD40.37
Each
units
Cyclone IV GX - 14400 900 Yes 14400 - FBGA 169 540kbit 14 x 14 x 1.25mm 1.25mm 14mm 1.24 V
RS Stock No. 830-3600
Mfr. Part No.5AGXMA1D4F31I5N
BrandAltera
SGD746.75
Each
units
Arria V 75k 75000 75000 Yes 113208 240 (27 x 27), 480 (18 x 18), 720 (9 x 9) FBGA 896 8463kbit 31 x 31 x 2.1mm 2.1mm 31mm 1.13 V
RS Stock No. 172-7848
Mfr. Part No.5AGXMA1D4F31I5N
BrandAltera
SGD689.547
Each (In a Tray of 27)
units
Arria V 75k 75000 75000 Yes 113208 240 (27 x 27), 480 (18 x 18), 720 (9 x 9) FBGA 896 8463kbit 31 x 31 x 2.1mm 2.1mm 31mm 1.13 V
RS Stock No. 651-9651
Mfr. Part No.EP2C5F256I8N
BrandAltera
SGD41.41
Each
units
Cyclone II 120000 4608 4608 - - 13 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 - 17 x 17 x 1.05mm 1.05mm 17mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 169-5519
Mfr. Part No.EP2C5F256I8N
BrandAltera
SGD41.412
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Cyclone II 120000 4608 4608 - - 13 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 - 17 x 17 x 1.05mm 1.05mm 17mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 173-2086
Mfr. Part No.XC3S250E-4VQG100I
BrandXilinx
SGD36.373
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3E 250000 5508 612 - 4896 12 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 38912bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 134-093
Mfr. Part No.XC3S250E-4VQG100I
BrandXilinx
SGD40.01
Each
units
Spartan-3E 250000 5508 612 - 4896 12 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 38912bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 170-2980
Mfr. Part No.EP4CE6E22I7N
BrandAltera
SGD29.958
Each (In a Tray of 60)
units
Cyclone 6272 6272 392 Yes - 360 (18 x 18) EQFP 144 276480 - - 22mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 921-3551
Mfr. Part No.5CEBA2F17C8N
BrandAltera
SGD57.489
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Cyclone V 25000 25000 9434 Yes 37736 50 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 2002944 - - 17mm 1.13 V
RS Stock No. 830-3524
Mfr. Part No.EP4CE6E22I7N
BrandAltera
SGD30.21
Each
units
Cyclone 6272 6272 392 Yes - 360 (18 x 18) EQFP 144 276480 - - 22mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 629-6190
Mfr. Part No.EP2C5T144I8N
BrandAltera
SGD38.03
Each
units
Cyclone II - 4608 4608 - - 13 (18 x 18) TQFP 144 - 20 x 20 x 1.4mm 1.4mm 20mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 173-2105
Mfr. Part No.XC3S500E-4FTG256I
BrandXilinx
SGD76.357
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3E 500000 10476 1164 - 9312 20 (18 x 18) FTBGA 256 74752bit 17 x 17 x 1mm 1mm 17mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 169-5517
Mfr. Part No.EP2C5T144I8N
BrandAltera
SGD38.88
Each (In a Tray of 60)
units
Cyclone II - 4608 4608 - - 13 (18 x 18) TQFP 144 - 20 x 20 x 1.4mm 1.4mm 20mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 830-3540
Mfr. Part No.5CEBA2F17C8N
BrandAltera
SGD58.67
Each
units
Cyclone V 25000 25000 9434 Yes 37736 50 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 2002944 - - 17mm 1.13 V
RS Stock No. 830-3530
Mfr. Part No.EP4CE6F17C8N
BrandAltera
SGD25.17
Each
units
Cyclone 6272 6272 392 Yes - 360 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 276480 - - 17mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 545-9154
Mfr. Part No.EP1C12F256I7N
BrandAltera
SGD105.53
Each
units
Cyclone - 12060 12060 - - - FBGA 256 - 17 x 17 x 1.8mm 1.8mm 17mm 1.575 V
RS Stock No. 170-2982
Mfr. Part No.EP4CE6F17C8N
BrandAltera
SGD24.95
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Cyclone 6272 6272 392 Yes - 360 (18 x 18) FBGA 256 276480 - - 17mm 1.25 V
RS Stock No. 173-2062
Mfr. Part No.XC3S50A-4VQG100C
BrandXilinx
SGD13.352
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3A 50000 1584 1584 - - 3 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 11264bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 170-2985
Mfr. Part No.EP4CE6U14I7N
BrandAltera
SGD29.11
Each (In a Tray of 119)
units
Cyclone 6272 6272 392 Yes - 360 (18 x 18) UBGA 256 276480 - - 14mm 1.25 V