Darlington Pairs

Darlington pairs, also known as Darlington Transistors are discrete semiconductor devices consisting of a package of two standard BJT transistors (bipolar junction transistor). One of the transistors is high-gain while the other is high current. RS Components offer a wide range of high-quality Darlington Transistors from leading brands including ON Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Texas Instruments and Nexperia.

How do they work?

The emitter of one transistor is connected to the base of the other transistor which effectively creates one transistor. They are used to amplify weak signals from one circuit to another circuit or microprocessor. This means that the tiny current from a sensor or microcontroller I/O pin can be amplified to drive a large load. Darlington pairs can also be operated as an ON/OFF switch. Darlington pairs work together as a single transistor but feature a much higher current gain. They also offer high input impedance in comparison to single transistors.

Why should you use a Darlington pair?

Darlington pairs provide a very high current gain. Working as two transistors within one package, Darlington pairs have a very compact footprint which takes up minimal space on a (PCB) printed circuit board.

What applications would you use them in?

With high current gain, Darlington transistors are well suited to power applications such as driving motors and relays. Darlington pairs are ideal for application in display drivers, audio outputs, power regulators, light sensors, touch sensors and power supply outputs. It is not recommended to use them in applications that require high frequency as it is not possible to shut the base current off immediately.

What are the different types?

  • Darlington pairs can consist of either NPN (negative-positive-negative) transistors, PNP (positive-negative-positive) transistors or both.
  • Darlington pairs are typically supplied in one of two ways. You can purchase them as an array (called a Darlington array) within a single integrated circuit (IC) package, or as a simple single discrete component.

Standard package type examples include SOT-23, SOIC, TO-220 and TO-252 (DPAK)


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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum Continuous Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Configuration Transistor Configuration Number of Elements per Chip Minimum DC Current Gain Maximum Base Emitter Saturation Voltage Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Collector Emitter Saturation Voltage
RS Stock No. 714-1167
Mfr. Part No.ULN2803A
SGD2.292
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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NPN 500 mA 50 V 50 V PDIP Through Hole 18 - Common Emitter 8 1000 - - 1.1 V
RS Stock No. 168-6833
Mfr. Part No.ULN2803A
SGD2.007
Each (In a Tube of 20)
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NPN 500 mA 50 V 50 V PDIP Through Hole 18 - Common Emitter 8 1000 - - 1.1 V
RS Stock No. 109-090
Mfr. Part No.BD680
SGD1.29
Each
units
PNP 4 A 80 V 5 V SOT-32 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 750 - 80 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 178-1409
Mfr. Part No.BD680
SGD1.092
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
PNP 4 A 80 V 5 V SOT-32 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 750 - 80 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 714-2690
Mfr. Part No.BDX54C
SGD0.596
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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PNP 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 750 2.5 V 100 V 2 V
RS Stock No. 102-4105
Mfr. Part No.BDX54C
SGD0.777
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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PNP 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 750 2.5 V 100 V 2 V
RS Stock No. 168-6084
Mfr. Part No.BU941ZPFI
SGD5.376
Each (In a Tube of 30)
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NPN 15 A 350 V 5 V TO-3PF Through Hole 3 - Single 1 300 2.7 V - 2 V
RS Stock No. 419-1144
Mfr. Part No.BU941ZPFI
SGD6.31
Each
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NPN 15 A 350 V 5 V TO-3PF Through Hole 3 - Single 1 300 2.7 V - 2 V
RS Stock No. 485-9058
Mfr. Part No.BDW94C
SGD1.386
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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PNP 12 A 100 V - TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 100 4 V 100 V 3 V
RS Stock No. 102-4103
Mfr. Part No.BDW94C
SGD1.145
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
PNP 12 A 100 V - TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 100 4 V 100 V 3 V
RS Stock No. 168-6450
Mfr. Part No.ULN2003A
SGD1.123
Each (In a Tube of 25)
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NPN 500 mA 50 V - PDIP Through Hole 16 - Common Emitter 7 1000 - - 1.6 V
RS Stock No. 686-8209
Mfr. Part No.ULN2003A
SGD0.989
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
NPN 500 mA 50 V - PDIP Through Hole 16 - Common Emitter 7 1000 - - 1.6 V
RS Stock No. 686-8199
Mfr. Part No.ULN2804A
SGD1.439
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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NPN 0.5 A 50 V 50 V PDIP Through Hole 18 - Common Emitter 8 1000 - - 1.6 V
RS Stock No. 168-6447
Mfr. Part No.ULN2804A
SGD1.776
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
- - 50 V - PDIP Through Hole 18 - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 168-6162
Mfr. Part No.TIP107
SGD0.991
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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PNP 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 200 - 100 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 485-9632
Mfr. Part No.TIP107
SGD1.478
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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PNP 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 200 - 100 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 168-6832
Mfr. Part No.ULN2802A
SGD1.811
Each (In a Tube of 20)
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NPN 500 mA 50 V - PDIP Through Hole 18 - Common Emitter 8 - - - 1.1 V
RS Stock No. 485-9610
Mfr. Part No.TIP102
SGD1.134
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
NPN 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 200 - 100 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 168-6057
Mfr. Part No.BD682
SGD1.04
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
PNP 4 A 100 V 5 V SOT-32 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 750 - 100 V 2.5 V
RS Stock No. 102-4095
Mfr. Part No.TIP102
SGD0.942
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
NPN 8 A 100 V 5 V TO-220 Through Hole 3 - Single 1 200 - 100 V 2.5 V