Darlington Pairs

What are Darlington Pairs?Darlington pairs, also called Darlington transistors, are a package of two standard BJT transistors (bipolar junction transistor). One of the transistors is high-gain while the other is high current. They are used to amplify weak signals from one circuit to another circuit or microprocessor. This means that the tiny current from a sensor or micro controller I/O pin can be amplified to drive a large load. Darlington pairs can also be operated as an ON/OFF switch.Darlington pairs work together as a single transistor but feature a much higher current gain. They also offer high input impedance in comparison to single transistors.How do they work?The emitter of one transistor is connected to the base of the other transistor which effectively creates one transistor.Why should you use a Darlington pair?Darlington pairs provide a very high current gain. Working as two transistors within one package, Darlington pairs have a very compact footprint which takes up minimal space on a board.What applications do you use them in?With high current gain, Darlington transistors are well suited to power applications such as driving motors and relays. Darlington pairs are ideal for application in display drivers, audio outputs, power regulators, light sensors, touch sensors and power supply outputs. It is not recommended to use them in applications that require high frequency as it is not possible to shut the base current off immediately.Different typesDarlington pairs can consist of either NPN (negative-positive-negative) transistors, PNP (positive-negative-positive) transistors or both.Darlington pairs are typically supplied in one of two ways. You can purchase them as an array (called a Darlington array) within a single integrated circuit (IC) package, or as a simple single discrete component.Standard package type examples include SOT-23, SOIC, TO-220 and TO-252 (DPAK).

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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum Continuous Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Configuration Transistor Configuration Number of Elements per Chip Minimum DC Current Gain Maximum Base Emitter Saturation Voltage Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Collector Emitter Saturation Voltage
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Related Products
The ON Semiconductor TIP120G is a medium power ...
Description:
The ON Semiconductor TIP120G is a medium power NPN Darlington bipolar power transistor. It is designed to be used as an output device for general purpose amplifier and low-speed switching applications.The TIP120G comes in a plastic TO-220AB through-hole package. • ...
This array of seven Darlington transistor circuits is ...
Description:
This array of seven Darlington transistor circuits is able to drive high output current (500 mA). Built in input resistor limits the base currentBuild in clamp diode at the output absorbs surge currentsInput and output pins layout is separated on ...
Darlington transistor power drivers are high-voltage, high-current switch ...
Description:
Darlington transistor power drivers are high-voltage, high-current switch arrays containing multiple open-collector Darlington pairs and integral suppression diodes for inductive loads. The high current rating of each output is 500 mA or higher. The inputs are pinned opposite the outputs ...
Darlington transistor power drivers are high-voltage, high-current switch ...
Description:
Darlington transistor power drivers are high-voltage, high-current switch arrays containing multiple open-collector Darlington pairs and integral suppression diodes for inductive loads. The high current rating of each output is 500 mA or higher. The inputs are pinned opposite the outputs ...