Bridge Rectifiers

Bridge rectifiers are discrete semiconductors as they have a single semiconductor device i.e. a diode and are the opposite of an integrated circuit semiconductor which has various devices on a single piece of semiconductor. The diode bridge circuit was invented in 1895 and Leo Graetz designed a similar circuit so they can also be known as a Graetz circuit or Graetz bridge.
A bridge rectifier is built out of 4 or more diodes that are arranged in a specific configuration: the namesake bridge. This diode bridge is able to convert an input of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), a basic function for most electronic devices. It also provides the same output polarity for either input polarity. These devices work with a two-wire AC input, have two diode drops in their design and offer full wave rectification.
Bridge Rectifiers are commonly used in power supplies that provide necessary DC voltage for the electronic components or devices and are found in various applications such as home appliances and white merchandise. Also such devices are popular with electronic hobbyists who enjoy constructing circuits.
Rectifiers are usually classified into single phase and three phase, and then split again into uncontrolled, half controlled and full controlled rectifiers. They come in various package and mounting types including screw mount, surface mount and through hole.
Advantages of Bridge rectifiers
• A high peak inverse voltage (PIV) which is ideal for high voltage applications
• A high transformer utilisation factor
• Constructed with or without a transformer – does not need a centre tap transformer
Disadvantages of bridge rectifiers
• More expensive than other rectifiers as it requires four diodes
• Not ideal when a small voltage is required to be rectified
Since bridge rectifiers are discrete devices, some of them need to be purchased along with other devices to achieve the desired functionality for which they are intended. For some engineering needs, the ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable.

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Description Price Bridge Type Peak Average Forward Current Peak Reverse Repetitive Voltage Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Diode Technology Diode Type Configuration Peak Non-Repetitive Forward Surge Current Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Peak Forward Voltage Peak Reverse Current
RS Stock No. 123-1513
Mfr. Part No.FB3510-B500/440-35
SGD8.36
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Single Phase 35A 1000V Through Hole Power 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 146-0647
Mfr. Part No.FB3510-B500/440-35
SGD7.534
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 1000V Through Hole Power 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 123-1515
Mfr. Part No.FB2510-B500/440-25
SGD7.825
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Single Phase 25A 1000V Through Hole Power 4 - - Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 146-0645
Mfr. Part No.FB5006-B250/220-50
SGD7.826
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 50A 600V Through Hole Power 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 123-1502
Mfr. Part No.DF10S TR
SGD0.251
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 1A 1000V Surface Mount DF-S 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 123-1506
Mfr. Part No.FB5006-B250/220-50
SGD8.69
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Single Phase 50A 600V Through Hole Power 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-5018
Mfr. Part No.FB2510-B500/440-25
SGD7.049
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 25A 1000V Through Hole Power 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 300A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 177-5965
Mfr. Part No.DF08M TU
SGD0.345
Each (On a Tape of 2500)
units
Single Phase 1A 800V Through Hole DF-M 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 146-0646
Mfr. Part No.FB5002-B80/70-50
SGD8.622
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 50A 200V Through Hole Power 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 123-1503
Mfr. Part No.DF08M TU
SGD0.354
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 1A 800V Through Hole DF-M 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 123-1511
Mfr. Part No.FB5002-B80/70-50
SGD9.56
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Single Phase 50A 200V Through Hole Power 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-5020
Mfr. Part No.MB6SA TR
SGD0.214
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 600V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 100µA
RS Stock No. 165-5021
Mfr. Part No.1SMZG10GP TR
SGD0.259
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 1000V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 35A +150 °C -40 °C 1.15V 100µA
RS Stock No. 123-1509
Mfr. Part No.1SMZG10GP TR
SGD0.285
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 1000V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 35A +150 °C -40 °C 1.15V 100µA
RS Stock No. 123-1505
Mfr. Part No.DF06M TU
SGD0.354
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 1A 600V Through Hole DF-M 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 165-5019
Mfr. Part No.MB10SA TR
SGD0.214
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 1000V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 100µA
RS Stock No. 177-5966
Mfr. Part No.GBU607G TU
SGD0.985
Each (On a Tape of 2500)
units
Single Phase 6A 1000V Through Hole GBU 4 Silicon Junction Silicon Junction Single 175A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA
RS Stock No. 123-1500
Mfr. Part No.MB10SA TR
SGD0.116
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 1000V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 30A +150 °C -55 °C 1V 100µA
RS Stock No. 165-5003
Mfr. Part No.1SMZG06GP TR
SGD0.248
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
Single Phase 500 mA, 800 mA 600V Surface Mount TO-269AA 4 Silicon Junction - Single 35A +150 °C -40 °C 1.15V 100µA
RS Stock No. 123-1504
Mfr. Part No.GBU607G TU
SGD0.832
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
Single Phase 6A 1000V Through Hole GBU 4 - - Single 175A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 500µA